Arithmetical Tables - Witheridge - Genealogy & Family History Society

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Numeration Table

Units . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1

Tens. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12

Hundreds. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 123

Thousands. . . . . . . . . . . . 1,234

Tens of thousands. . . . . . 12,345

Hundreds of thousands. . 123,456

Millions . . . . . . . . . . . 1,234,567

C. of Millions. . . . . . 123,456,789

Avoirdupois Weights

For all Goods except Gold, Silver

and Jewels

16 Drams  1 ounce . . . . . . . . . oz.

16 Ounces 1 pound . . . . . . . . . lb.

14 Pounds 1 stone. . . . . . . . . . st.

28 Pounds 1 quarter . . . . . . . . .qr.

4 Quarters 1 hundredweight. . . cwt.

20 Cwt. 1 ton . . . . . . . . . . . . . tn.

Imperial Dry Measure

Avoird of Water - - lb. oz.

2 Glasses. . . .1 noggin =. . . . . . 0 5

4 Noggins. . . .1 pint =. . . . . . . . 1 4

2 Pints. . . . . .1 quart =. . . . . . . 2 8

4 Quarts. . . . .1 gallon = . . . . . 10 0

2 Gallons. . . . 1 peck = . . . . . . 20 0

4 Pecks. . . . . 1 bushel = . . . . . 80 0

8 Bushels. . . .1 quarter = . . . . 640 0

Sterling Money Table

4 Farthings. . . . . . . . 1 penny  d.

12 Pence . . . . . . . . . 1 shilling s.

2 Shillings . . . . . . . . 1 florin

2 Shillings & sixpence.1 Halfcrown

5 Shillings . . . . . . . . 1 Crown  cr.

10 Shillings. . . . . . . . 1 half sov.

20 Shillings, 1 sov or . 1 pound  £

21 Shillings. . . . . . . . 1 guinea

Hay and Straw Weight

36 lb. Straw. . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 truss

56 lb. Old Hay . . . . . . . . . . . 1 truss

60 lb. New Hay. . . . . . . . . . . 1 truss

36 trusses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 load

Cloth Measure

¼ inches . . . . . . . . . . 1 nail

4 Nails. . . . . . . . . . . . 1 quarter of a yard

4 Quarters . . . . . . . . . 1 yard

Square Measure

144 Square inches. . . . 1 square ft.

9 Square feet. . . . . . . 1 square yd.

3¼ Square yards. . . . . 1 square pole

10 Square poles . . . . . 1 rood

4 Roods. . . . . . . . . . . 1 acre

Arithmetical Signs

+ Plus ; sign of addition

- Minus ; sign of subtraction

X Sign of multiplication

÷ Sign of division

= Sign of equality

: :: : Sign of proportion

² Sign of the square root

³ Sign of the cube root

° Degree 2 minute 3 second

∴ Therefore

Solid or Cubic Measure

1,728 cubic inches. . . . . . . 1 cubic foot

27 cubic feet. . . . . . . . . . . 1 cubic yard

24¾ cubic feet . . . . . . . . . 1 solid perch

mason's work

12 \ cubic feet . . . . . . . . . 1 solid perch

brickwork

Table of Motion

603 Seconds. . . . . . . . . . 1 minute

602 Minute. . . . . . . . . . . 1 degree

30° Degrees. . . . . . . . . . 1 sign

12 Signs or 360°. . . . . . . the circle of

the earth

Troy Weight

For Gold Silver and Jewels

24 Grains. . . . 1 pennyworth dwt.

20 Pennyweights . . . 1 ounce oz.

12 Ounces. . . . . . . . 1 Pound lb.

Long or Lineal Measure

12 Lines. . . . . . . . 1 inch. . . . . . . in.

12 Inches. . . . . . . 1 foot. . . . . . . ft.

3 Feet. . . . . . . . . 1 yard. . . . . . .yd.

2 Yard. . . . . . . . . 1 fathom . . . . . f.

5½ Yards. . . . . . . 1 pole. . . . . . . . .

40 Poles . . . . . . . 1 furlong . . . . fur.

8 Furlongs or 1760 yds. . . . . . . 1 mile

Table of Time

60 Seconds. . . . . . . . . . . 1 minute

60 Minutes. . . . . . . . . . . 1 hour

24 Hours . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 day

7 Days. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 week

4 Weeks . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 month

365 Days. . . . . . . . . . . . 1 year

366 Days. . . . . . . . . . . . 1 leap year

52 Weeks. . . . . . . . . . . . 1 year

12 Calendar or 13 Lunar

months. . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Year

Apothecaries' Weight

For Mixing Medicines

20 Grains 1 Scruple scr.

3 Scruples 1 dram dr.

8 Drams 1 ounce oz.

12 Ounces 1 pound lb

Imperial Heaped Measure

Avoird of Water - Lbs.

8 Gallons 1 Bushel = 80

3 Bushels 1 sack = 240

12 Sacks 1 caldron = 2880

Days in the Month

Thirty days has September,

April June and November,

All the rest have thirty-one,

Excepting February alone,

Which has but twenty-eight days clear,

And Twenty-nine in each leap year.

Arithmetical Tables

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